Table 2-16: Sulfuric Acid

Volatile from

H2SO4

Volatile from

H2SO4 and HCl

Volatile from

H2SO4 and HF

Not Dissolved by dilute acid Insoluble

As (P1)

As(III) 100% (P2, 3)

As(V) 5% (P2, 3)

As (P4)

Ag (P5, 6)

Ag (Ag2SO4) (P7, 8)

H3BO3 (P4)

Au 0.5% (P2, 3)

B (P4)

As (P5, 6)

Al (P9, 10)

H3PO4 (P4, 11)

B 50% (P2, 3)

Cr (P4)

Au (P5, 6)

Ba (BaSO4) (P1, 4, 7-10, 12-15), 0.00022g/100ml @ 18°C (P14)

HBr (P4)

Ge 90% (P2, 3)

Ge (P4)

Bi (P5, 6, 8)

Be (P14, 15)

HCl (P4)

Hg(I) 75% (P2, 3)

Hg(II) 75% (P3)

Hg (P4)

Cr (P8)

Ca (CaSO4) (P1, 4, 7-10, 12, 14-16), 0.21g/100ml @ 30°C (P14)

co-ppt other metals(P7, 9, 10, 17, 18)

Hg(II) (P1)

Mn 0.02% (P2, 3)

Os (P4)

Cu (P5, 6)

Cr(III) (P9, 10)

HI (P4)

Mo 5% (P2, 3)

Re (P4)

Fe (P8)

Fe (P9, 10)

HNO3 (P4)

P 1% (P2, 3)

Ru (P4)

Ge (P5, 6)

Mg (P14, 15)

Os (OsO4) (P4-6, 8, 10)

Re 90% (P2, 3)

Sb (P4)

Hg (P5, 6)

Nb (P10)

Re (Re2O7) (P1, 4-6, 10, 11)

Sb(III) 33% (P2, 3)

Sb(V) 3% (P3)

Se (P4)

Ir (P5, 6)

Ni (P10)

Ru (RuO4) (P4-6)

Se(IV) 30% (P3)

Se(VI) 20% (P2, 3)

Si (P4)

Mo (P5, 6, 8)

Pb (PbSO4) (P1, 4, 7-10, 12-16, 19)

Se(IV) (P1, 15)

Sn(II) 1% (P2, 3)

Sn(IV) 30% (P2, 3)

 

Nb (P5, 6)

Ra (P9, 10, 14, 15), 0.000002g/100ml @ 25°C (P14)

 

Te(IV) 0.1% (P2, 3)

Te(VI) 0.1% (P3)

 

Os (P5, 6)

Si (P10)

 

Tl 0.1% (P2, 3)

 

Pd (P5, 6)

Sr (SrSO4) (P1, 4, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15), 0.011g/100ml @ 0°C (P14)

     

Pt (P5, 6)

Ta (P10)

     

Rh (P5, 6)

Th (P14)

     

Ru (P5, 6)

W (P10)

     

Sb (P5, 6, 8)

 
     

Ta (P5, 6)

 
     

W (P5, 6, 8)

 
     

Zr (P5, 6)

 

 

References

P1 Bock, R. A Handbook of Decomposition Methods in Analytical Chemistry, 1st ed.; John Wiley and Sons: New York, 1979.
P2 Schilt, A. A. Perchloric Acid and Perchlorates; G. Frederick Smith Chemical Company: Columbus, OH, 1979.
P3 Hoffman, J. J.; Lundell, G. E. F. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards 1939, 22, 465-470.
P4 Anderson, R. Sample Pretreatment and Separation; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1987.
P5 Bogen, D. C. In Treatise on Analytical Chemistry; Kolthoff, I. M., Elving, P. J., Eds.; Interscience: New York, 1982; Vol. 5: Part I, pp 1-22.
P6 Willard, H. H.; Rulfs, C. L. In Treatise on Analytical Chemistry; Kolthoff, I. M., Elving, P. J., Eds.; Interscience: New York, 1961; Vol. 2: Part I, pp 1027-1050.
P7 O'Haver, T. C. In Trace Analysis: Spectroscopic Methods for Elements; Elving, P. J., Winefordner, J. D., Kolthoff, I. M., Eds.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 19; Vol. 46, pp 63-78.
P8 Scott, W. W. Scott's Standard Methods of Chemical Analysis, 5th ed.; D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc.: New York, 1939.
P9 Bajo, S. In Preconcentration Techniques for Trace Elements; Alfassi, Z. B., Wai, C. M., Eds.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, 1992, pp 3-31.
P10 Lundell, G. E. F.; Hoffman, J. I. Outlines of Methods of Chemical Analysis, 6th ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1951.
P11 Zehr, B. D. American Laboratory 1992, December, 24-29.
P12 Treadwell, F. P.; Hall, W. T. Analytical Chemistry, 9th English ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1937.
P13 Sulcek, Z.; Povondra, P. Methods of Decomposition in Inorganic Analysis; CRC Press: Boca Raton, 1989.
P14 Gorsuch, T. T. The Destruction of Organic Matter, 1st ed.; Pergamon Press: New York, 1970.
P15 Sulcek, Z.; Povondra, P.; Dolezal, J. CRC Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry 1977, 255-323.
P16 Van Loon, J. C. In Selected Methods of Trace Metal Analysis: Biological and Environmental Samples; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1985; Vol. 80, pp 77-111.
P17 Gorsuch, T. T. In Accuracy in Trace Analysis: Sampling, Sample Handling, and Analysis: Gaithersburg, MD, 1976; Vol. I, pp 491-507.
P18 Mizuike, A. Enrichment Techniques for Inorganic Trace Analysis; Springer-Verlag: New York, 1983.
P19 Hillebrand, W. F.; Lundell, G. E. F.; Bright, H. A.; Hoffman, J. I. Applied Inorganic Analysis, 2 ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1953.

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