Appendix 2. Geological and Metallurgical Reference Materials

Appendix 2.2 Steels and alloys
Matrix Analytes Reagents Cavity/Vessel MW conditions Detection Ref.

BAM

High-alloy steel

228-1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BAM

High-alloy steel

277-1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BAM

High-alloy steel

278-1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BAM

High-alloy steel

328-1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BAM

Ferro-chromium

530-1

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BAM

Ferro-chromium

533-1

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BAM

High-alloy steel CrMnMoNiTi1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BAM

High-alloy steel CrNiSiMn1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

Ferro-chromium

203/2

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BCS

Ferro-chromium

204/1

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BCS

Ferro-manganese

208/1

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BCS

High-alloy steel

211/1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

Ferro-manganese

280

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

BCS

Fe-Si alloy

305

Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hf, Mn, Ni, Ru, Si, Ti, Zr H3PO4

Multimode/

open

10-15 min to 150-200°C ICP-OES F30

BCS

High-alloy steel

338

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

High-alloy steel

339

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

High-alloy steel

340

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

High-alloy steel

341

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

High-alloy steel

342

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BCS

Nickel alloy

345

As HNO3, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

15 min at 200 W,

15 min at 325 W,

30 min at 260 W

HG-AAS F31

BCS

Nickel alloy

346

As HNO3, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

15 min at 200 W,

15 min at 325 W,

30 min at 260 W

HG-AAS F31
As HNO3, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

15 min at 200 W,

15 min at 325 W,

30 min at 260 W

HG-AAS F32

BCS

Steel

452

As, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, P, Si, Sn, Ti, W HNO3, HCl, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

80 sec at 625 W DCP-OES F33

BCS

High-alloy steel

JK 8F

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

BRAMMER

Slag

ST-100

Ca, Fe, Mg, Mn, Si HCl, HF, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

2 min at 650 W F-AAS F14

CSAN

Ferro

silicon

4-1-01

Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hf, Mn, Ni, Ru, Si, Ti, Zr H3PO4

Multimode/

open

10-15 min at 150-200°C ICP-OES A30

CSAN

Ferro

silicon

4-1-02

Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hf, Mn, Ni, Ru, Si, Ti, Zr H3PO4

Multimode/

open

10-15 min at 150-200°C ICP-OES F30

CSAN

Ferro chromium

4-2-01

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro chromium

4-2-02

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro chromium

4-2-03

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro chromium

4-2-04

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro manganese

4-3-01

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro manganese

4-3-02

Al, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Ti, V H2SO4, H2O, H3PO4

Multimode/

LP closed

10 min at 330 W ICP-OES F29

CSAN

Ferro

manganese

silicon

4-5-02

Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hf, Mn, Ni, Ru, Si, Ti, Zr H3PO4

Multimode/

open

10-15 min at 150 - 200°C ICP-OES F30

CSAN

Ferro

chromium

silicon

4-5-03

Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hf, Mn, Ni, Ru, Si, Ti, Zr H3PO4

Multimode/

open

10-15 min at 150 - 200°C ICP-OES F30

IFM

Slag

7

Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ti, Si

A.

1. HCl, HF

2. HBO3

B.

1. HCl, HF, H2SO4

2. HBO3

C.

1. Aqua regia, HF

2. HBO3

D.

1. HCl, HF, H2O2

2. HBO3


Multimode/

LP closed

Multimode/

LP closed

Multimode/

LP closed

Multimode/

LP closed


1. 10-13 sec at 1470 W

1. Same as A

1. Same as A

1. Same as A

F-AAS A8

IRSID

High-alloy steel

204-1

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

High-alloy stainless steel

73

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

High-alloy stainless steel

101

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

Stainless steel

Cr-Ni-Ti

121

- HCl, HNO3, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

30 sec at 300 W (x2) - F17

NIST

Solder

40 Sn - 60 Pb

127

- HBF4, H2O, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

Varying time at 600 W - F17

NIST

High alloy stainless steel

133

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

High alloy stainless steel

160

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

High alloy steel

161

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

Nickel

copper alloy

162

Al, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Si HCl, HF, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

2 min at 650 W F-AAS F14

NIST

High alloy steel 168

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28
- HF, HNO3, H2O

Multimode/

LP closed

5 min at 600 W - F17

NIST

LA steel

high silicon

179

Al, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Si, Sn, Ti, V HNO3, HCl, HF

Multimode/

LP closed

80 sec at 625 W DCP-OES F33

NIST

High-alloy stainless steel

343

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

High-alloy valve steel

346

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

Waspalloy

Ni-Co-Cr

349

Co, Cr, Fe, Mo, Ni, W HCl, HF, HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

30 sec at 325 W ICP-OES F34

NIST

Cast iron steel

890

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

NIST

Cast iron steel

892

Cr

1. HNO3, HCl, HF

2. HNO3

Multimode/

LP closed

1. 15 min at 55%

2. 15 min at 55%

(if incompletely digested)

Titration with Fe(II) F28

Back to Appendices

Back to Text